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Saturday, June 23, 2012

Rio +20. The final declaration of the summit

The final declaration of the Rio +20 Summit which will now be submitted to ratification by the Heads of State and Government of the United Nations, is a document of 49 pages and 283 articles for sustainable development. - "Policies for green economy": defined as "an important tool" for sustainable development should not impose "strict rules" but "respect the national sovereignty" of each country without becoming a "form of discrimination" or "trade restrictions International ". - Global governance for sustainable development: the text calls for "strengthening the institutional framework" and the existing ad hoc committee will be replaced by a "high-level intergovernmental forum" is a reaffirmation of the role of the United Nations Program for Environment, reinforced through the financial resources "safe" (to date are on a voluntary basis) and with representatives of all UN member states (currently only 58). - "Framework of Action" in 25 pages (half of the document) shows the text of the areas where there are "opportunities" and where there is need for urgent action, in particular the fight against poverty, food security, water, energy, transport, health, employment, climate change. - Objectives of sustainable development: the model of the UN Millennium goals (expiring 2015) insists on the vertex set goals "limited in number, and concise action-oriented", applicable to all countries, but taking into account the "particular national circumstances", the proposals will be examined by a working group and presented by 2013, for an application from 2015. - Methods for the implementation of sustainable development: "It 's extremely important to strengthen the financial support, particularly for developing countries", with "new partnerships and innovative sources of financing", the declaration stresses the need for a "joint application development assistance and private investment "and the transfer of technology to developing countries.

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