Follow by Email

Search This Blog

Saturday, October 28, 2017

US President John Fitzgerald Kennedy Speech turns 55 Years | "The Fruit of Any Victory in Ashes in Our Mouths"


The missile crisis in Cuba was one of the main threats to world peace after World War II


"Good afternoon, fellow citizens, this government, as promised, has maintained a strict watch over the operations of the Soviet Army on the island of Cuba, " with these words US President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was beginning a speech called will not change the course of history.

On Oct 22nd is the 55th anniversary of that crucial speech, which was broadcast both on radio and on a television still in black and white, and that paralyzed a nation that listened attentively to each of its 2,434 words, eleven of which coincided : "nuclear".


Some words that would change the world, even if in fact they were uttered precisely to the contrary, so that it would not change, to avoid a possible nuclear holocaust that would have made, the president said, "the fruit of any victory in ashes in our mouths" 



At this point, the stage is well known by all. On October 14, 1962, photographs taken by U2 planes from the US intelligence service revealed the presence of eight shuttles and 16 medium-range missiles in the western region of the island. 

"It was clear that these strategic weapons, which were reliable and modern, were destined to be managed by the Soviet Union and not to be transferred to Cuba," the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) said in an unclassified report. 

This information gave way to thirteen days of tension in which any error of calculation could have given rise to a conflict of consequences difficult to imagine.

Fundamental attitude

"The president's attitude was critical to defusing the crisis," Kennedy said. "It was the intention of President Kennedy to avoid any nuclear exchange, whether voluntary or accidental," said Defense Department Chief Erin Mahan.

One of the key measures taken by the leader was the creation of a working group of trusted advisers, most of whom belonged to the National Security Council.
It was this group of experts who called for deaf ears of those responsible for the General Staff, who were betting on an air attack on Cuba, and for opening a negotiation with the Kremlin through non-traditional channels, while blocking the island to avoid the arrival of new weapons. 

This decision would be doubly successful, not only because in the end proved to be the correct way to settle the crisis, but also because the air attack would have followed the subsequent landing of US troops on the island and that would have been a serious action failure. 

Despite numerous reports by the intelligence services, what US intelligence was unaware of at the time was that Russian troops deployed in Cuba were also equipped with nuclear weapons, which "could have ended" with the troops, Mahan said. 

"Through initiatives by unofficial channels, the United States agreed not to invade Cuba and withdraw its missiles from Turkey." (Soviet Nikita) Khrushchev pledged to dismantle and remove Soviet missiles and light bombers from Cuba, "he said. the historian of the Pentagon.
The other key measure of this crisis also had the words as the protagonist and was none other than the historic presidential address. Since in informing the American people, with open hearts, Kennedy was legitimated to act with total freedom knowing that his honesty had gained the support of the whole country. 

"The road we have chosen at the moment is full of dangers, like all roads, but it is the most coherent with our character and our value as a nation ... And a road we will never choose is the road to surrender and submission, "Kennedy concluded in his address. 

And, in fact, that was the key. Find a way in which there were no losers, but no winners . Possibly the only way he could stop someone from ending that nasty ash taste in his mouth.

Labels

Afghanistan (43) Africa (5) Africa Israel world (1) Airblue (1) Al Qaeda (7) Al-Qaeda (6) Algeria (3) Allah (1) Amazon (1) America (2) Amsterdam (1) Android (20) Andy Murray (6) Angry Birds (1) Apple (45) Apple and Samsung (5) Arab League (7) Argentina (2) Armstrong (3) Army (1) Arsenal (2) Asia (5) Asif Ali Zardari (3) Assassination (2) Aston Villa (1) Atletico Madrid (1) ATP (1) Aung San Suu Kyi (2) Australia (3) Australian Open (15) Ban Ki-moon (3) Bangladesh (13) Barack Obama (87) Barcelona (43) Basel (1) Bashar al-Assad (7) Bayern (2) Bayern Munich (9) BBC (1) Belgium (2) Benazir Bhutto (1) Bhoja Air (1) Bill Clinton (1) Bill Gates (6) BlackBerry (17) Blasphemy (1) Bolivia (2) Bollywood (1) Borussia Dortmund (3) Brazil (4) British (1) Burma (12) Canada (4) Champions League (15) Charles Taylor (1) Charlie Gard (1) Chelsea (27) China (75) Christian (1) Christians (1) CIA (10) Congo (2) Controversial (1) corruption (3) Cristiano Ronaldo (20) Cuba (3) David Beckham (2) David Cameron (1) David Ferrer (2) David Moyes (1) David Petraeus (1) Dell (2) Donald Trump (8) drone (15) Dubai (2) Earthquake (2) Egypt (54) Elections (15) EU (5) Europa League (3) Europe (8) Everest (1) Everton (1) Facebook (66) FBI (4) Ferrari (2) ferry disaster (1) Fidel Castro (1) FIFA (6) FIFA 13 (1) Firefox (2) football (4) Forbes (3) Formula 1 (2) France (19) France Paris Pakistan Iraq Afghanistan Palestine Syria Burma (1) French presidential election 2012 (1) Fulham (2) Galatasaray (1) Gangnam Style (6) Gaza (16) Gerard Pique (2) Germany (8) Google (67) Guardian (1) Gulf (2) Hamas (18) Hamid Karzai (1) Harlem Shake (1) Hezbollah (4) Hillary Clinton (7) Hong Kong (1) Hosni Mubarak (1) HP (2) HTC (5) Hugo Chavez (8) Iker Casillas (2) Imran Khan (3) India (55) Instagram (6) Internet (3) iOS (1) iPad (18) iPhone (30) iPhone 5 (14) iPod (2) Iran (97) Iran Iraq Israel Pakistan Syria Saudi Arab Shia Sunni Muslim Arab (4) Iraq (29) ISIS (1) Islam (8) Islamabad (1) Israel (119) Istanbul (1) Italy (9) iTunes (1) Ivory Coast (1) Japan (42) Jay-Z (1) Jelly Bean (1) Jerusalem (1) Jews (3) Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (1) Joe Biden (1) John F. Kennedy (2) Jordan (3) Jose Mourinho (1) Julian Assange (1) Justin Bieber (13) Karachi (3) Kate Middleton (12) Katy Perry (1) Kenya (3) Khartoum (1) Kim Jong-un (4) King Salman (1) Kofi Annan (7) Kristen Stewart (6) Kulbhushan yadav (1) Kurdish (1) Kurdistan (1) Kuwait (2) Las Vegas (1) Latin America (1) Lebanon (7) Leo Messi (21) LG (2) Liberian (1) Libya (12) Liverpool (4) London (2) Lumia (3) Malala Yousafzai (26) Malaysia (3) Mali (5) Manchester City (12) Manchester United (37) Manhunt. The ten year search for Bin Laden from 9/11 to Abbottabad (5) Margaret Thatcher (1) Mario Balotelli (2) Mark Zuckerberg (14) Mars (1) Maryam Nawaz (2) McDonald (2) Messenger (1) Mexico (7) Michael Jackson (6) Michelle Obama (1) Microsoft (41) Milan (1) Miley Cyrus (1) missile (3) Mission: Impossible (1) Mitt Romney (26) Monica Lewinsky (1) Morocco (1) Moscow World (1) Mossad (1) Motorola (1) Mozilla (1) Muammar Gaddafi (5) Mufti Zia (1) Muslims (24) NASA (5) NATO (23) Nawaz Sharif (6) NBA (6) Nelson Mandela (7) Nemo (1) Netherland (2) New York (10) Newcastle (1) Nexus (3) Neymar (1) Nigeria (10) Nokia (6) North Korea (52) Novak Djokovic (11) nuclear bomb (4) nuclear test (1) OIC (1) Olympics 2012 (12) Oman (1) Omar Hassan al-Bashir (1) OneDirection (1) Oprah Winfrey (1) Osama bin Laden (25) Oscar (4) Pakistan (163) Pakistani intelligence services (14) Palestine (44) Palestinian (3) Panama (2) Panama gate (2) peace plan (5) Pentagon (1) Pep Guardiola (3) Peru (1) Pervez Musharraf (11) Peshawar (2) PGA (1) Philippines (2) plane crash (3) PlayStation (10) Premier League (43) Prince Harry (8) Prince Mohammed Bin Salman (1) Prince William (8) Prophet Muhammad (SAW) (1) PSG (1) PTI (1) Pyongyang (1) Qatar (4) Radamel Falcao (1) Rafael Nadal (7) RAW (2) Real Madrid (36) Red Bull (1) Robert Gates (1) Robert Pattinson (4) Roger Federer (9) Russia (22) Salman Khan (1) Samsung (17) Samsung Galaxy (16) Sandy (17) Saudi Arabia (31) Scotland (1) Selena Gomez (5) Shakira (2) Shia (1) Sir Alex Ferguson (3) skydiving (1) Skype (5) Smartphone (25) Social Networks (6) Somalia (3) Sony (9) South Africa (13) south Asia (1) South Korea (32) Southern Sudan (2) Spain (9) Sri Lanka (1) Stephen Hawking (2) Stoke City (1) Sudan (5) Sunni (1) Syria (150) Tablet (1) Taiwan (1) Taliban (11) tallest building (2) The Arab League (4) The innocence of Muslims (18) The race to the White House (2) Tibet (4) Tiger Woods (2) Tito Vilanova (1) Tom Cruise (2) Toshiba (1) Tottenham (2) Train crash (1) Tumblr (1) Turkey (29) Twilight (3) Twitter (32) UAE (5) Ukraine (2) UN (51) United Kingdom (41) USA (333) Usain Bolt (3) Valentine's Day (1) Veena Malik (2) Venezuela (11) Viber (2) Vladimir Putin (1) war (16) Washington (1) Wayne Rooney (1) West Ham United (1) WhatsApp (4) WHO (1) WikiLeaks (2) Windows (4) Windows 8 (9) wolfs (1) World Trade Center (3) Xbox 360 (6) Xbox 720 (7) Xbox One (6) Yahoo (5) Yash Raj Chopra (1) Yasser Arafat (1) Yemen (4) YouTube (10) Yusuf Raza Gilani (1)