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Sunday, August 4, 2013

"We are the generation that must regulate the web"

Last week British Prime Minister David Cameron announced his decision to force ISPs to control content XXXGiven this, and as had happened previously in relation to copyright and the prohibition of piracy sites, the question (and debate) on the control of content circulating on the web is opened again. "I have no doubt that internet is no specific issues to be regulated carefully , such as the child pornography or copyright "replies Michael Sumer Elijah at the question.Based on this provision, the debate comes into play complex when the freedom of expressionThe lawyer specializing in Internet and Computer Law and Director of Legal Informatics told that freedom of expression should not be confused with licentiousness content : "Exercising their freedom of expression, a person may say or do things illegal, punishable by law." Elijah Miguel Sumer is clear in relation to the problem of violation of copyright. While acknowledging that intellectual property laws are very old and are not suited to the times, says that while in force, must be met. Though states that urgent reform is needed because the fight between industry and users Internet is very disproportionate.

- Some might argue that these laws go against "nature" or "logic" of the internet. Is it possible to relevant legislation? On this subject there are two well-defined positionsFor one, there is a sector that internet holding all culture should be free and available to humanity without restrictions . But on the other, are the authors and business groups that want to protect their rights to charge for their creations and decide who or how they distribute their works (content, music, movies, images, software, etc.). In these positions, which I do think is that we are part of the generation of the story that has the task of taking the first decisions about it: we are the generation that has to discuss and decide on how to regulate the web. 

- Cameron has just "declare war" on child pornography. On that topic, is there a greater consensus? Right. The production and distribution of child pornography is a crime aberrant and, fortunately, most of the police and investigators from different countries are united to hunt down pedophile networks worldwide. This distribution is prohibited and punishable by all international treaties and in most of the laws and penal codes.

- However, civil organizations such as Open Rights Group, Index on Censorship and Big Brother Watch questioned the decision of the English premier considering that there is a risk that the filters act against other content, and even a larger number of critical not believe that the project go to the root of the problem. What expectations do you have regarding the decision?

I think Cameron's initiative has noble intentions, since every parent would want their children do not have full access to porn. But is this the solution to the problem? The answer clearly is no. do not think that forcing Internet service providers to use tools to prevent access to pornographic sites is the solution. techniques as there are multiple ways to jump this prohibition, that only make them a little more complex the task those who want to access the material . Even children who are heavy users of technology, they will find a way to overcome the obstacles. I argue that these decisions should be complemented by education policies and awareness campaigns throughout society in the safe and responsible use of new information technologies.

- To regulate this content, is it necessary for governments to negotiate an agreement with ISPs?

In principle, if a government has sanctioned political determination and such a law, everyone must comply , annoy who bother. In fact, there are countries where governments press a button and off in an instant internet without consulting anyone, as happened in Egypt against social unrest.Anyway, it would not be unreasonable to assume that there may have been suppliers lobby and Internet search engines to try to prevent this decision to go against their interests. We will never know.

For now, loopholes abound and controls rejections grow, especially in Western countries. How to achieve the midpoint? How to control illegal only items without affecting freedom of expression and free circulation of content on the web? These are some of the questions we must begin to think that decisions are taken not find us unprepared.

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