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Thursday, March 21, 2013

SAFETY | Manual 'cyberwar' NATO sets its sights on the 'hacktivists' military targets


A book with recommendations on called 'cyberwar' sponsored by the Center Cyber ​​Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn NATO targetshackers, 'hacktivists' and state-sponsored attackers who can usar'malware 'to end basis data and even attack duirectamente infrastructure. As reported by Russia Today , volume, called 'Manual on International Law Applicable Tallinn to Cyber ​​Threats' (CCD COE), incorporating the work of a dozen experts who try to establish a sound and guidelines sobtre how to respond to attacks on networks sensitive computing, a growing concern for many states. Quoting the Associated Press, Michael Schmitt, a professor at the Naval War College and the U.S. editor of the manual, notes that there are few formal laws on the use of so-called 'cyber'. "Everybody saw the Internet as 'Wild, Wild, West'" said Schmitt. "What they forget is that international law applies to the 'cyber' as applied to any other weapon." Thus, Schmitt has assembled military varuios and lawyers in the capital of Estonia, on cyber defense center opened by NATO in this city after becoming a symbol of one of the first 'cyber' recognized in 2007. The 'Manual of Tallinn' contains 302 pages in 95 "rules" , evolved in part from warlike behavior guidelines of the Declaration of St. Petersburg 1868 and the Geneva Convention of 1949, albeit with very specific sections related ' Cyberspace." According to the manual, an attack 'cyber' can be strictly defined as a 'ciberoperación' , either offensively or defensively , "which is reasonably expected to cause injury or death to persons, or damage to or destruction of objects ". However, despite that civilians should not be legally attacked, individuals can be considered unaligned legitimate targets-with 'cyber' or even with other weapons , as U.S. seeks - if they represent a threat. "Consider the example of a person 'hacktivista'que, in the course of a month, conducted seven systematic cyberattacks against, as control of the enemy. At first glance,' hacktivist 'only response object while performing each attack. however, may have been targeted throughout the month. Moreover, the absence of a clear indication that the 'hacktivist' and is not engaged in this type of attack, he or she would still aim beyond the period "reads the manual. NATO experts define ' hacktivist 'as "a private citizen on his own initiative that engages in activities of hacking on grounds, among others, ideological, political, religious or patriotic" . Even if that 'hacktivist' not working directly under a military command, NATO should be targeted. This manual is only a number of suggestions, although its leaders seek to become more than recomendacones for the countries of the Atlantic Alliance.

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