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Wednesday, June 13, 2012

More than 215 million children worldwide work to survive


Some 215 million children are still victims of child labor worldwide. Of these, 153 million are between 5 and 14 years , and made ​​them work 53 million classified as "dangerous". According to the report of the International Labour Organization (ILO), these figures show between 2000 and 2008, a decrease of 30% in the worst forms of child labor among children under 15 yearsHowever, the pace of decline is less intense between 2004 and 2008, according to the ILO report. "The crisis affects children," said Joaquín Nieto , head of this organization in Spain. While child labor among girls has been reduced considerably, hazardous work among young people 15 to 17 years have increased since 2008. Some "worst forms of labor" that today suffer almost ten million children are fighting military wars, child trafficking, prostitution and using children as "drug couriers". In addition, other tasks described as 'worse' are slavery, servitude (which are submerged almost 6 million boys), the forced labor, pornography or using children as pawns of work in which their health or safety at risk . Of all the children involved in these forms of work, 90 percent are dedicated to the realization of "hazardous work" . International conventions, as a first step to alleviate this evil, claiming that no child under 18 to engage in these occupations. Meanwhile, the work 'domestic' , predominantly in rural and informal economies, affects 15.5 million children, most of them girls with no possibility of literacy. 

Education out of poverty

In this sense, education becomes a key factor in eliminating child labor.As suggested by the ILO report, "to deprive the children that are educated and form, they are condemned to remain without qualification and therefore perpetuates poverty in society." According to the organization, only six out of ten states that have set the minimum working age and high school age have harmonized these two situations. In many countries, therefore, begins to work before you have completed the studies.

Areas geographical

The largest group of child labor exploitation is in Asia and the Pacific (113.6 million), followed by sub-Saharan Africa (65.1 million) and Latin America and Caribbean (14.1 million). In relative terms, child labor is most common in Africa, which employs one in four children and adolescents, compared with one in eight as they do in the Asian region. The 60% ​​of all child labor takes place in the field. Despite the large number of countries that have ratified the ILO conventions, much of the world's population can benefit from them, as some of the most populous countries have not ratified. 

Stories of pain and hope

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