Follow by Email

Search This Blog

Friday, November 18, 2011

Groups say cluster bombs remain in 69 nations


The London-based Cluster Munition Coalition s tally of these destructive explosive weapons came as diplomats gathered in Geneva to debate plans for phasing them out. The coalition says 12 nations have destroyed part of their stockpiles, leaving at least 610,263 cluster bombs. Casualties involving their use have been reported in 29 countries. The weapons pose a particular risk to civilians because they indiscriminately scatter smaller "bomblets," some as small as flashlight batteries, packed tightly into hollowed out bombs, artillery shells or missiles that can be dropped from planes or launched from the ground. Some 61 nations so far have adopted the law, which took effect in August 2010. The law prohibits using, making or stockpiling most traditional cluster munitions, sets strict deadlines for destroying them and clearing contaminated land, and obliges nations to support survivors and affected communities. Certain types of the weapons are still permitted if their designs include fewer than 10 submunitions and the ability to self-destruct. But the majority of nations that haven t adopted it still possess the bulk of the cluster munitions. That includes the U.S., which insists the bombs are a valid weapon of war when used properly. China, Russia, India and Pakistan also reject the law. A single container targeting airfields or tanks typically scatters hundreds of the mini-explosives over an area the size of a football field. The U.S. has used the weapon in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War and in Iraq and Afghanistan. Soviet and Russian troops also used them in Angola, Afghanistan and Chechnya, where the leftover duds continue to inflict casualties, particularly on children. They most recently were used in April in Libya, when forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi fired MAT-120 mortar projectiles containing submunitions into the opposition-held city of Misrata, the coalition said in its annual report Wednesday. It said Spain in June confirmed providing Libya with 1,055 cluster munitions in 2006 and 2008, before Spain joined the convention banning them. The coalition said Thailand fired cluster munitions into Cambodia during border clashes in February, and both sides used them in the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia. The campaign against the weapons picked up steam after Israel s monthlong war against Hezbollah in 2006, when it scattered up to 4 million of the munitions across Lebanon. The U.S., meanwhile, is pushing for another cluster arms agreement. Harold Koh, a U.S. State Department legal adviser, said from Washington on Wednesday the U.S. proposal to outlaw cluster munitions produced before 1980 would entice the world s nations holding up to nine-tenths of all cluster munitions to join in the effort. He said it would immediately prohibit about a third of the U.S. stash of more than 6 million such weapons. "And we think that this is a very significant humanitarian impact and should be supported," Koh said. However, Jakob Kellenberger, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross, said the U.S. plan could set "an unfortunate precedent in international humanitarian law" by allowing use of cluster munitions made since 1980, including those with no safety features, until 2026 or longer. Steve Goose of Human Rights Watch said the new agreement sought by the Obama administration amounted to backsliding. "We find this outrageous," he told reporters. The United States under the Bush administration had promised that by the end of 2018 it would no longer use cluster munitions that result in more than 1 percent unexploded ordnance a tougher measure than the current proposal. Usually 10 to 15 percent but in some cases up to 80 percent of the devices fail to explode immediately.

Labels

Afghanistan (43) Africa (5) Africa Israel world (1) Airblue (1) Al Qaeda (7) Al-Qaeda (6) Algeria (3) Allah (1) Amazon (1) Amsterdam (1) Android (20) Andy Murray (6) Angry Birds (1) Apple (45) Apple and Samsung (5) Arab League (7) Argentina (2) Armstrong (3) Arsenal (2) Asia (5) Asif Ali Zardari (3) Aston Villa (1) Atletico Madrid (1) ATP (1) Aung San Suu Kyi (2) Australia (3) Australian Open (15) Ban Ki-moon (3) Bangladesh (13) Barack Obama (87) Barcelona (41) Basel (1) Bashar al-Assad (7) Bayern (2) Bayern Munich (9) BBC (1) Belgium (1) Benazir Bhutto (1) Bhoja Air (1) Bill Clinton (1) Bill Gates (6) BlackBerry (17) Blasphemy (1) Bolivia (2) Bollywood (1) Borussia Dortmund (3) Brazil (4) British (1) Burma (12) Canada (4) Champions League (15) Charles Taylor (1) Charlie Gard (1) Chelsea (27) China (71) Christian (1) Christians (1) CIA (9) Congo (2) Controversial (1) corruption (2) Cristiano Ronaldo (20) Cuba (2) David Beckham (2) David Cameron (1) David Ferrer (2) David Moyes (1) David Petraeus (1) Dell (2) Donald Trump (2) drone (15) Dubai (2) Earthquake (2) Egypt (54) Elections (15) EU (5) Europa League (3) Europe (7) Everest (1) Everton (1) Facebook (65) FBI (2) Ferrari (2) ferry disaster (1) Fidel Castro (1) FIFA (6) FIFA 13 (1) Firefox (2) football (4) Forbes (3) Formula 1 (2) France (18) France Paris Pakistan Iraq Afghanistan Palestine Syria Burma (1) French presidential election 2012 (1) Fulham (2) Galatasaray (1) Gangnam Style (6) Gaza (16) Gerard Pique (2) Germany (6) Google (67) Guardian (1) Gulf (2) Hamas (18) Hamid Karzai (1) Harlem Shake (1) Hezbollah (4) Hillary Clinton (7) Hong Kong (1) Hosni Mubarak (1) HP (2) HTC (5) Hugo Chavez (8) Iker Casillas (2) Imran Khan (3) India (54) Instagram (6) Internet (3) iOS (1) iPad (18) iPhone (30) iPhone 5 (14) iPod (2) Iran (97) Iran Iraq Israel Pakistan Syria Saudi Arab Shia Sunni Muslim Arab (3) Iraq (28) ISIS (1) Islam (6) Israel (117) Italy (8) iTunes (1) Ivory Coast (1) Japan (39) Jay-Z (1) Jelly Bean (1) Jews (2) Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (1) Joe Biden (1) Jordan (3) Jose Mourinho (1) Julian Assange (1) Justin Bieber (13) Karachi (3) Kate Middleton (12) Katy Perry (1) Kenya (3) Khartoum (1) Kim Jong-un (4) Kofi Annan (7) Kristen Stewart (6) Kulbhushan yadav (1) Kuwait (2) Latin America (1) Lebanon (7) Leo Messi (21) LG (2) Liberian (1) Libya (12) Liverpool (4) London (2) Lumia (3) Malala Yousafzai (26) Malaysia (3) Mali (5) Manchester City (12) Manchester United (37) Manhunt. The ten year search for Bin Laden from 9/11 to Abbottabad (5) Margaret Thatcher (1) Mario Balotelli (2) Mark Zuckerberg (14) Mars (1) Maryam Nawaz (2) McDonald (2) Messenger (1) Mexico (7) Michael Jackson (6) Michelle Obama (1) Microsoft (41) Milan (1) Miley Cyrus (1) missile (3) Mission: Impossible (1) Mitt Romney (26) Monica Lewinsky (1) Morocco (1) Moscow World (1) Mossad (1) Motorola (1) Mozilla (1) Muammar Gaddafi (5) Mufti Zia (1) Muslims (22) NASA (5) NATO (22) Nawaz Sharif (6) NBA (6) Nelson Mandela (7) Nemo (1) Netherland (1) New York (10) Newcastle (1) Nexus (3) Neymar (1) Nigeria (10) Nokia (6) North Korea (48) Novak Djokovic (11) nuclear bomb (2) nuclear test (1) Olympics 2012 (12) Oman (1) Omar Hassan al-Bashir (1) OneDirection (1) Oprah Winfrey (1) Osama bin Laden (25) Oscar (4) Pakistan (161) Pakistani intelligence services (13) Palestine (43) Palestinian (3) Panama (2) Panama gate (2) peace plan (5) Pep Guardiola (3) Peru (1) Pervez Musharraf (11) Peshawar (2) PGA (1) Philippines (2) plane crash (3) PlayStation (10) Premier League (43) Prince Harry (8) Prince William (8) Prophet Muhammad (SAW) (1) PSG (1) PTI (1) Qatar (4) Radamel Falcao (1) Rafael Nadal (7) RAW (2) Real Madrid (36) Red Bull (1) Robert Gates (1) Robert Pattinson (4) Roger Federer (9) Russia (19) Salman Khan (1) Samsung (17) Samsung Galaxy (16) Sandy (17) Saudi Arabia (30) Scotland (1) Selena Gomez (5) Shakira (2) Sir Alex Ferguson (3) skydiving (1) Skype (5) Smartphone (25) Social Networks (5) Somalia (3) Sony (9) South Africa (13) south Asia (1) South Korea (29) Southern Sudan (2) Spain (7) Sri Lanka (1) Stephen Hawking (2) Stoke City (1) Sudan (5) Syria (150) Tablet (1) Taiwan (1) Taliban (11) tallest building (2) The Arab League (3) The innocence of Muslims (18) The race to the White House (2) Tibet (4) Tiger Woods (2) Tito Vilanova (1) Tom Cruise (2) Toshiba (1) Tottenham (2) Train crash (1) Tumblr (1) Turkey (26) Twilight (3) Twitter (30) UAE (5) Ukraine (2) UN (50) United Kingdom (40) USA (325) Usain Bolt (3) Valentine's Day (1) Veena Malik (2) Venezuela (11) Viber (2) Vladimir Putin (1) war (15) Wayne Rooney (1) West Ham United (1) WhatsApp (4) WHO (1) WikiLeaks (2) Windows (4) Windows 8 (9) wolfs (1) World Trade Center (3) Xbox 360 (6) Xbox 720 (7) Xbox One (6) Yahoo (5) Yash Raj Chopra (1) Yasser Arafat (1) Yemen (4) YouTube (10) Yusuf Raza Gilani (1)